All submissions should include, in the following order: (1) title, (2) abstract and keywords, (3) main text, and (4) references. Your manuscript file must be in PDF without password-protection, and generally must adhere to the following formatting requirements:

  • The front page of the manuscript must contain only the title, the abstract of the manuscript, and keywords for indexing.

Title: Must be concise and informative.

Abstract: Each manuscript is to be preceded by a succinct abstract, of up to 250 words, that highlights the objectives, methods, results, and conclusions of the paper. Minimize the use of abbreviations and do not cite references in the abstract.

Keywords: To identify the subjects under which the article may be indexed, 6-10 key words should be provided.

URL link to targeted journal’s Instructions for Authors (optional, but strongly encouraged): Please indicate here which journal you plan to submit your article to, and provide a URL link to the journal’s formatting guidelines.

  • To ensure anonymity in refereeing, the manuscript must not contain the authors’ names or any other identifying information. There should be no reference to the authors also in the “Document Properties” of the file.
  • The main text must be in single-column format, double spaced (except for poetry), in Arial 11 font.
  • The main text should be divided into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the Abstract is not included in section numbering). You should use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection should be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line.

Introduction: State the objectives of the work, and provide a clear explanation for the rationale of the study and an adequate background, a summary of a search of the existing literature and the issue under discussion. Define all abbreviations first time even if they have been defined in the Abstract.

Methodology: Provide sufficient details to allow the work to be reproduced by an independent researcher. Methods that are already published should be summarized, and indicated by a reference. If quoting directly from a previously published method, use quotation marks and also cite the source. Any modifications to existing methods should also be described.

Results: Results should be clear and concise.

Discussion: This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

Conclusions: This should state clearly the main conclusions and should include an explanation of their relevance or importance to the field. The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.

Alternatively, you may structure your manuscript according to your target journal's requirements, which can typically be found in the journal’s Instructions for Authors.

  • When formatting your references, ensure that you check the reference style followed by your chosen journal. Styles available for certain journals are: APAreference style, MLA reference style, ASA style guide, Harvard reference style, AMA manual of style, ACS style guide, Chicago Manual of style, CSE manual for authors, editors and societies.
  • Pages must be numbered consecutively, beginning with page 1, the title page.
  • Lines must be numbered consecutively. All line numbers should be provided on the left margin of the page, and each and every line should be numbered. Please do not restart the line numbering on each page.

Note: You may add line numbers in Microsoft Word by clicking on “File”, select “Page setup”, select the “Layout” tab, click on the “Line Numbering” button, check the “Add Line Numbering” box, and select “Continuous.”

  • Do not add extra space between paragraphs. Indent each paragraph’s first line by half an inch.
  • Tables and figures should be numbered serially. All illustrations, figures, and tables must be placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • A4 size paper must be used.
  • There must be one-inch margins on all sides.
  • The manuscript must be left justified.
  • The PDF should include all text, graphics, and/or appendices for the paper. Do not upload separate files for text, graphics, and/or appendices.
  • Any manuscript that does not conform to the above instructions may be returned for necessary revision.

Revising and responding to reviewer’s comments

            Once the manuscript has come back from reviewers, you may be given the opportunity to revise it in accordance with the reviewers’ comments and recommendations. Authors will usually receive a decision letter from the KURO with copies of the (blinded) reviewers’ comments. This letter usually contains when the authors need to return the revised version. A cover letter or response letter must accompany the revised manuscript with point-by-point responses to the reviewers’ comments.

When revising the manuscript and responding to reviewers’ comments, you should:

  • Address all points raised by the reviewers.
  • Describe the major revisions to the manuscript in the response letter, followed by point-by-point responses to the comments raised.
  • Provide a (polite and scientific) rebuttal to any points or comments the authors disagree with. Remember, if the manuscript is sent for a second round of review the reviewers will see this letter too.
  • Differentiate between reviewer comments and the authors’ responses in the response letter.
  • Return the revised manuscript and response letter within the time period allotted by the KURO.


“Manuscript submission guidelines.” (n.d.). Retrieved from

“Revising and responding.” (n.d.). Retrieved from